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    辽宁省阜新市2018年英语试题(word版,含答案).doc

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    辽宁省阜新市2018年英语试题(word版,含答案).doc

    2018 年阜新市初中毕业生学业考试英 语 试 卷考试时间 90 分钟 试卷满分 100 分Hi,各位同学请注意务必将试题写在答题卡对应的位置上,否则不得分。千万记住哦Ⅰ.单项选择(共 15 分,每小题 1 分)从下面各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。1.T he air pollution is a serious in our country. Our government is trying to solve it.A. choice B. program C. problem D. opinion2.Yesterday our teacher said we should hand in our homework on time. The underlined word is pronounced as .A. /sid/ B. /sed/ C. /seid/ D. /said/3.– Is this Alice’s bike– No, is under the tree. She put it there this morning.A. she B. her C. herself D. hers4.– Dinner is ready. Help yourself– Oh It _______ delicious. You are really good at cooking.A. tastes B. sounds C. gets D. feels5.– Keep working hard, Linda. You will surely achieve your dream _______ you don’t giveit up halfway.– I will, thank you, Miss Li.A. since B. if C. though D. until6.– Be careful when you are driving, _______ in a rainstorm like this.– Thanks. I will.A. especially B. probably C. nearly D. hardly7.– Paul, could you help me _______ when the earliest train will leave for Beijing– OK. I’ll do it right away.A. look out B. get out C. find out D. take out8.Our country is getting . We are proud of our great country.A. strong and strong B. more strong and strongC. stronger and stronger D. more and more strong 9.– Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the Haitang Mountains– Sure. Go down this road and turn left. You _______ the mountains near the village.A. see B. saw C. have seen D. will see 10.When he went abroad, he found that many products in local shops _______ in China.A. make B. makes C. made D. were made11.Our teacher often asks us _______ time.A. not waste B. not to waste C. don’t waste D. doesn’t waste12.– Jack, your T-shirt is so beautiful, could you tell me _______ it– Oh, yes. I bought it in a store online.A. where did you buy B. where do you buyC. where you buy D. where you bought13.– What kind of teachers do you like– I like the teachers _______ are friendly to us.A. who B. whom C. which D. whose14.– People choose high-speed train or self-driving to travel on holidays.– ________ fast the traditional travel ways changeA. What B. How C. What a D. How a15.– I’m not feeling well. Maybe I have a bad cold.– ________. You’d better see a doctor right now.A. That’s all right B. I’m afraid notC. I’m sorry to hear that D. Sounds greatⅡ.补全对话(共 15 分)(A)从 方 框 所 给 句 子 中 选 择 恰 当 的 句 子 完 成 下 面 对 话 。 其 中 有 两 个 多 余 选 项 。 ( 共 5 分 ,每 小 题 1 分 )A Hello, Cindy What’s your plan for this summer holidayB I have no idea. 16 A I’ll take part in a social activity with my sister.B It sounds exciting. 17 A No. I have been a volunteer in a poor village. The children there don’t have money to buy books.B 18 A Yes. I bought them 60 books with my pocket money.B What else did you do there A 19 And now we are good friends.B Wow 20 I’d like to join you.A Great I’m sure we’ll have a meaningful holiday. A. Can you tell me something about itB. Have you sent books to themC. I helped them with their lessons.D. She raised some money for them.E. Is it your first time to join in such activitiesF. It was a wonderful experienceG. What about you( B) 用 适 当 的 句 子 、 短 语 或 单 词 完 成 下 面 对 话 , 使 对 话 完 整 正 确 。( 共 10 分 , 每 小 题 2 分 )A What are you reading, KenB The Old Man and the Sea by Hemingway.A Wow, now I know why you’re so 21 writing stories.B Yes, I want to be a writer.A Really 22 become a writerB Well, I’m going to keep on writing stories, of course. What do you 23 when you grow upA My parents want me to be a doctor, but 24 .B Well, don’t worry. Not everyone knows what they want to be. Just make sure you 25 .Then you can be anything you wantA Yes, you’re right.III .句子翻译(共 10 分)(A)根据下面所给中文完成句子翻译。 (共 6 分,局部翻译 2 个小题,每小题 1 分;整句翻译 2 个小题,每小题 2 分)26.李老师对她的学生很有耐心。Miss Li with her students.27.只要你努力,没什么好担心的。There’s nothing to worry about ______________ you work hard. 28.我很高兴和你交朋友。29.不要到处扔垃圾。(B)阅读下面短文,将短文中画线部分的句子翻译成中文。 (共 4 分,每小题 2 分) Five things to do before you are 18Camp out in the gardenGo into your garden or your friend’s. Two or three friends, a small tent, sleeping bags, food and drink are necessary. When it gets dark, tell thrilling stories, play games and eat your sweets. You will need a torch or you won’t be able to see sweets, and it might get a bit too scary.Learn to swimSeriously, this is so important that it could save your life. 30. If you can’t swim, you won’t be able to do water sports. Even taking a boat trip will be dangerous.Collect thingsOne of the best hobbies for under-18 is collecting things. You could collect stamps, cinema tickets and so on. The best way to collect them is to have a special album to put your collection in and to write what each thing means to you. Try at least one kind of team sportTeam sports help you work well with other people. Being a good team player is an important skill in life. And 31. they can make you keep healthy and are also great fun.Write your family treeGet to know all the older people in your family and find out as much as you can about when they were young. Draw a family tree and make notes about.30. _________________31. _________________Ⅳ.完形填空(共 20 分,每小题 1 分)(A)根据下面短文内容,从 A、B、C 、D 四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。The plane took off. A passenger needed a cup of water to take his medicine. An air hostess 空 姐 told him that she would bring him the 32 soon. But the air hostess was 33 busy that she forgot to bring him the water. 34 , the passenger couldn’t take his medicine on time. About half an hour later, she hurried over to him with a cup of water, but he 35 it. In the following hours, each time she 36 the passenger, she would ask him with a smile whether he needed help or not. But the passenger 37 paid notice to her.When it was time to get off the 38 , the passenger asked her to hand him the passengers’ booklet notebook, she was very 39 . She thought that he would 40 down bad words in it, but with a smile she handed it to him.Off the plane, she opened the booklet and then 41 . The passenger put it, “In the past few hours, you have asked me whether I needed help or not for twelve times in all. How can I refuse your twelve faithful 真 诚 的 smiles”32.A. water B. medicine C. cup D. coffee33.A. very B. too C. quite D. so34.A. With her help B. As a result C. On the one hand D. To tell the truth35.A. drank B. accepted C. refused D. received36.A. looked at B. listened to C. talked about D. passed by37.A. usually B. never C. sometimes D. often38.A. plane B. train C. ship D. bus39.A. interested B. happy C. excited D. sad40.A. break B. get C. write D. go41.A. smiled B. cried C. wondered D. worried(B)根据短文内容,用方框中所给单词的正确形式填空,使短文完整正确。 (每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词)A book review of the Adventures of Tom SawyerThe Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a lively story full of fun. Tom, the hero of the book, lives with his aunt Polly. He is a lively and clever boy. He doesn’t like people telling him 42 to do, so he always gets into trouble. He and his best friend, Huck Finn, run away to an island in the middle of the Mississippi River. Tom has more 43 because a bad man named Injun Joe is looking for him. Later, Tom escapes runs away from a cave with another friend, Becky. He also finds Injun Joe’s treasure box and takes it 44 .My favourite part of the book is when Tom and Hunk start 45 adventures on the . state away their pay how come by up sudden trouble what happyisland in the Mississippi River. At first, they are 46 . But when they hear that everyone thinks they are dead, they feel very sorry, so they come back home. They hide and watch for a time when they see their family and neighbours 47 to their funeral in the church. Then, Tom and Huck 48 appear. Everyone is surprised to see them at first, but very pleased to find that they are alive.The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a great book. It is more than an adventure story. Mark Twain wrote it in 1876. It describes people’s lives in the southern 49 of American at that time. It tells how young people grow, how people love each other and how bad people 50 for their actions. It is written in everyday English, and the dialogues sound especially real. Today, it is still read and loved 51 people all over the world, and it is thought to be one of the greatest American stories.提示词adventure 冒险; funeral 葬礼; church 教堂Ⅴ.阅读理解(共 30 分)(A)根据下面短文内容,选择正确答案。 (共 10 分,每小题 1 分)Passage 1Once there was a man traveling in a faraway village. As he was passing the elephants, he stopped at once. He found that these huge elephants were being held by only a small rope tied to their front legs. No chains, no cages. It was clear that the elephants could, at any time, break away from their ropes but for some reason, they did not.He saw a trainer nearby and asked why these animals just stood there and didn’t try to get away. “Well,” the trainer said, “when they were very young and much smaller, we used the same size rope to tie them and, at that age, it was enough to hold them. As they grow up, they still believe they cannot break away. They believe the rope can hold them, so they never try to break free.” How could it be These animals could at any time break free from their ropes. But because they were always stuck right where they were, they believed they couldn’t.Just like the elephants, how many of us go through life believing that we cannot do something, just because we failed in it once before▲ . We should never give up the struggle 斗争 in life.52.The elephants were being held by ________.A. a small rope B. a big chain C. a long line D. a piece of cloth 53.The man felt ________ after he heard what the trainer said.A. excited B. surprised C. angry D. nervous54.The elephants never tried to break free from the ropes because ________.A. they liked their living places B. they were too old to do itC. they thought they could not D. they got on well with the trainer55.In the last paragraph which of the following can be put in ▲ A. Failure is part of learningB. We should be different from othersC. Helping animals is helping ourselvesD. Traveling always makes people relaxed56.What is the best title for this passageA. A Pleasant Trip B. A Bad TrainerC. Elephant Training D. The Elephant RopePassage 2Nowadays, the food that you buy comes from many different countries. Have a look in your fridge and fruit bowl, and check the origins 来源 of the food. Perhaps there are apples from California or potatoes from Egypt. You will probably be surprised how far food travels to get to your plate. This journey, from “field to plate”, is called “food miles”. A food mile is the distance that food travels from the farmer’s field to the person who buys the food. Nowadays, food often travels thousands of miles to get to the consumer 消费者. Why is this, and what are the effects 影响 of these long distancesTraditionally, farmers sold their food in the local market, so the food didn’t have to travel very far. The consumers also did not travel very far because they went to their local market to buy the food. Now, because of modern technology, food comes from all over the world. We do not have to wait for spring or summer to buy strawberries or tomatoes. They are available in winter if we want.Some countries have to import 进口 most of their food. This is because they have difficult climates. The United Arab Emirates UAE, for example, get 85 of its food from other countries.I believe these miles are worrying for some reasons. First of all, because food travels such long distances, we need more planes, trucks and ships to move the food. This means we use more oil or petrol, so there is more pollution and more global 全球的 warming. Besides, food that travels a long way is not fresh and usually not very tasty. Tomatoes, for example, are picked early and stored for their long journeys. For this reason, they are usually tasteless when they get to the consumer. Local food has a better taste, and it also reduces makes sth. less the amount of global pollution. We need to buy more local food.提示词distance 距离; climates 气候; petrol 汽油57.What is called “food miles” according to this passageA. The origins of the food. B. The effects of long distances.C. The journey from field to plate. D. The disadvantages of imported food.58.The underlined word “available” in Paragraph 2 most probably means “________”.A. easy to get B. not busy C. willing to talk D. impossible to get59.Some countries, like the United Arab Emirates, have to import most of their food becauseof ________ .A. long distances B. difficult climates C. fresh and tasty food D. modern technology60.The writer uses the LAST paragraph mostly to encourage readers to ________.A. buy more local food B. increase international tradeC. travel long distances D. use imported food61.This passage is mainly about ________.A. how local food travels from field to plateB. where different kinds of food come fromC. how some countries import their foodD. what “food miles” is and its effects (B)根据短文内容按要求完成任务。 (共 20 分,每小题 2 分)Passage 3France is well known for its fine art, tasty food and romantic scenery. About 75 million visitors come here every year.France is the largest country in Western Europe. It has a population of over 66 million. The country is home to many famous places of interest, like the River Seine as well as the Eiffel Tower.Many visitors also come for the country’s art. Sculptor 雕刻家 Auguste Rodin and painter Claude Monet once created their great works here. If you visit France today, it is not a surprise to meet street artists in the city or come across a singer in the subway.No visit to Paris is complete without a trip to Louvre, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. Inside, there are 35,000 works of art, such as the painting Mona Lisa by Da Vinci and the statue 雕塑 David by Michelangelo. It would take nine months to enjoy all the pieces.Besides, French food is world famous. Bread is very important in France. The best known French bread is called a baguette. They are long, delicious and taste salty. Snails 蜗牛 are also a must-have here. French people eat 40,000 tons of snails every yearBut France is not always good. Paris, the city of light, may also show its dark side to visitors. Chinese visitors feel sorry about the crowded subway in Paris.根据短文内容,回答下列问题。62. What is France famous for63. There are many famous places of interest in France, please give two examples.64. How long does it take to enjoy all the pieces in Louvre65. How many snails do French people eat every year66. Why do Chi

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